Whiplash and whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) can be exhibited as a range of injuries to the neck caused by or related to a sudden distortion of the neck called extension. Although it is commonly associated with rear-impact motor vehicle accidents, the injury can be sustained in many other ways, including falls from bicycles, chairs and stools, or even horses. It is one of the main injuries covered by car insurers.
You may notice an immediate pain and aching, or nothing at all in the beginning stages. Whiplash can gradually invade your life with headaches, back and neck pain, memory loss and weakness in limbs. Mild to progressively severely disability has been reported
X-rays, films, and other tests, such as CT scan, MRI scan, and electromyography can be used to further define the exact causes of sciatica. The image and resolution produced by MRI is quite detailed and can detect tiny changes of structures within the body. For some procedures, contrast agents, such as gadolinium, are used to increase the accuracy of the images.
Twenty-five to thirty percent of people experience spinal issues following whiplash incidents that are not treated. Spine & Disc recommends that individuals involved in an accident that involves whiplash or injury to the cervical vertebrae receive an examination. Most insurance carriers cover this procedure. During a whiplash episode, (above two frames), the head is thrown violently forwards and backwards creating an unnatural extension of the cervical vertebrae. Delicate vertebrae, ligaments and nerves in the neck (below), can be instantly damaged with resulting injuries appearing weeks, months, and sometimes years later.